تحلیل مقایسه‌ای رضایتمندی شهروندان از فضاهای فراغتی، مطالعه موردی: نواحی 1و4 شهر مراغه

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 کارشناس ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری- دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 کارشناس ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری - دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

امروزه فضاهای فراغتی یکی از حوزه‌های مهم مطالعات شهری است که کیفیت گذران آن اهمیت بیش‌تری یافته است. پژوهش حاضر به صورت تطبیقی بین شاخص‌های رضایت‌مندی از فضاهای فراغتی و بررسی عوامل تاثیر گذار بر میزان رضایت از فضاهای فراغتی در دو ناحیه شهر مراغه انجام شده است. برای جمع­آوری اطلاعات از روش پیمایشی و تکمیل پرسشنامه استفاده شد. جامعه آماری مورد مطالعه شهروندان ساکن ناحیه یک و چهار شهر مراغه بوده و حجم جامعه نمونه در هر ناحیه بر اساس فرمول کوکران محاسبه شده است و پرسشنامه‌ها با روش نمونه گیری تصادفی ساده در فضاهای فراغتی توزیع شده است. در تحلیل داده‌های پژوهش از آمارهای توصیفی و استنباطی با استفاده از نرم­افزار SPSS، استفاده شده است. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان می­دهد بین میزان رضایت‌مندی از فضاهای فراغتی، در هر دو ناحیه تفاوت معنی­داری وجود دارد. هم چنین با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی، مشخص شد که در ناحیه یک میزان امکانات فضاهای فراغتی و تنوع کمی و کیفی فضاهای فراغتی و میزان دسترسی به آنها با 9/38 درصد واریانس و در ناحیه چهار نیز تنوع کمی و کیفی فضاهای فراغتی و امکانات آنها و هم چنین کارکرد فرهنگی فضاهای فراغتی با 7/38 درصد واریانس بیش‌ترین و مهم‌ترین نقش را در شکل گیری میزان  رضایتمندی ساکنان از فضاهای فراغتی خود ایفاء می‌کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparative Analysis of Citizens’ Satisfaction of Leisure Space, Case Study: Maragheh, Districts 1& 4

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zohre Fanni 1
  • Akbar Soltanzade 2
  • Mojgan Farajzade 3
  • Rohollah Mirzazadeh 3
1 Associate Professor, Urban Geography, University of Shahid Beheshti
2 MS, Urban Planning Geography, University of Shahid Beheshti
3 MS, Urban Planning Geography, University of Shahid Beheshti
چکیده [English]

Leisure space today is one of the important areas of urban studies as the quality of how leisure time is spent has become more important. This comparative study was done to both measure satisfaction indicators of leisure time and to investigate the factors influencing leisure space satisfaction in two districts in Maragheh. In order to collect the data in this study, questionnaire surveys were conducted. The statistical population of the study were citizens living in District 1 and 4 in Maragheh and the population size in each area was determined based on Cochran formula. The questionnaires were then distributed in the leisure places by using simple-random sampling method. In order to analyze the research data, both descriptive and inferential statistics were applied by means of SPSS software. The results of the study showed that there was a significant difference in leisure space satisfaction between Districts 1 and 4. Additionally, it was determined by factor analysis that the leisure facilities, variety of leisure places, and access to them (with 38.9 percent variance) in District 1 and also the facilities and variety of leisure places as well as their cultural functions (with 38.7 percent variance) in District 4 have played the most important role in shaping the residents' satisfaction of their leisure space.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Leisure Time
  • Leisure Space
  • Citizen's Satisfaction
  • Maragheh
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