In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Association For Environmental Assessment (IAEA)

Document Type : Science - Research


1 department of geography, science faculty, Ardabil branch, Islamic of university, Ardabil, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran.


The purpose of the current research is to measure and evaluate the distribution of urban services in the 51 districts of Ardabil city. The research method is descriptive-analytical based on documentary sources and a questionnaire to collect public opinions. For this purpose, 385 questionnaires have been completed and collected from urban areas using a random classification method. To analyze the data the VIKOR model was used in which the following were considered: determination of the weight of 11 main research indicators using the opinions of 10 experts (through the snowball method) and the entropy method using. The findings of the research show that the central areas of the city are at a favorable level in terms of access to urban services, and the more the distance from the city center to the periphery, the lower the level of favorability. Also, the results of the cluster analysis showed that the urban areas located in the center of the city are on the first floor and the peripheral areas are on the last floor (i.e. the fifth floor). Also, comparing the results of objective data (distribution of services) and subjective data (citizens' questionnaire) showed that there is a significant statistical difference between them. In fact, considering the objective results, the subjective results are far from the facts and the people's emotional opinions mostly prevail. The result is that the urban services of Ardabil are not distributed based on spatial justice and the dominant pattern of distribution is cluster like and center-peripheral.


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