In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Association For Environmental Assessment (IAEA)

Document Type : Science - Research

Authors

1 Professor Department of Geomorghology,, University,of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabili, Iran.

2 PH.d student, Department of Geomorphology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

Abstract

in this study, the effects of land use changes with surface temperature of karaj cityand spatial autocorrelation have been discussed using the moran index. for this purpose, landsat OLI- TM satellite imagery has been used in 2000 and 2018. first, the images were taken and the required images were applied. then classification using object orinted method and nearest neighbor algorithm was developed and the earth surface temperature was extracted with split window algorithm (imagery). The results showed that the arid land has the highest temperature in 2000 and 2018, respectively, due to the lack of vegetation, the high capacity of absorption of heat by barren soil, and the use of blue zones in 2000 and 2018 respectively, has a temperature of 38 - 25 (° C), which is دفع and has lower heat temperatures. also, the results showed strong relationship between land use and temperature. finally, the hot and cold clusters of karaj city heat islands were extracted using the hot spots analysis index (hotspot). Space autocorrelation analysis with global Moran's indices showed that the Earth's surface temperature was cluster - like. the analysis of hot spots confirmed the focus and cluster of the heat islands of karaj city in space with increasing periods of time.
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