Nowadays, various approaches have been proposed in the field of architectural design, biophilic design is one of the most prominent and effective ones. Biophilic design is an alternative to traditional architectural design methods.
In this regard, the present paper has tried to identify and cluster the requirements affecting the design of biophilic architecture of urban interurban spaces in Phase 1 of Ekbatan Township in Tehran.
Theoretical data were prepared by documentary method and empirical data by survey method based on Delphi technique. The statistical population is 20 urban experts based on snowball sampling. 55 primary propellants were processed in 6 categories of data and identified by structural interaction analysis in MICMAC software.
The results of this study show that the general pattern of dispersion of the studied requirements in terms of interaction analysis indicates the situation of an unstable environmental system in which the requirements for designing biophilic interstice spaces in terms of effectiveness and affectivity have a complex and intermediary state which is more concentrated in the cluster of independent factors. . Overall patterns, composition of components and habitat and ecosystems with direct impact rates of 311, 296 and 278 respectively were selected as the key requirements for designing biophilic interspace in residential complex Phase 1 of Ekbatan Town, Tehran.